Albert Einstein

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By PaulG

Time line


March 14, 1879
Einstein is born in Ulm, Germany. (Pais 520)

March 14, 1884
Einstein receives a compass from his father and begins to question the world and its natural forces.

1889
Einstein begins his pursuit into the field of physics. He begins educating himself about the basics of the scientific world. (Pais 520-523)

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1901
Einstein graduates from from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich as a teacher in physics and Mathematics.

March 17, 1905
Einstein's "Miracle Year begins with the publication of the Annalen der Physik journal. It Included Einstein's special relativity theorem which described how energy and matter were connected. E=MC2 (2 is an exponent) (Griffith)

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March 17, 1905
Also published in the Annalen der Physik journal was Einstein's photoelectric effect. The photoelectric effect stated that when light waves hit a atom the energy transferred would excite electrons attached to the atom and as a result a photon is released.

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Autumn 1911
Albert Einstein is invited to the first world physicist convention, the Solvay Conference, he later builds upon the principles of radiation and quanta.

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1915
Einstein finishes his general relativity theorem. This theorem stated that space and time were connected, through space-time, and that gravity was created by the curvature in space-time.

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December 10, 1922
Einstein receives a Nobel Prize for his work on theoretical physics and for his work on the photoelectric effect.

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1933
Einstein moves to America due to fear of Nazi Germany. He later continues his work on theoretical physics in Princeton, New Jersey.

August 2, 1939
Einstein begins his study of the element uranium. During this time he writes a letter to President Roosevelt warning that, due to uranium's nature it could be used to produce a bomb. This idea was later developed into the atom bomb. (Corey)

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April 18, 1955
Einstein dies at the age of 76 in Princeton, New Jersey.

Achievements


Overview

Albert Einstein has been noted with many Achievements during his lifetime. His most well known of course, being discovering the formula E=MC2. His accomplishments extend to a much larger field of physics and have remained very influential until this day. During Einstein’s “Miracle Year” he purposed four very controversial theories including the theory of special relativity, which included the now famous E=MC2.("Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)")

Special and General Relativity

In Einstein’s Theory of special relativity Einstein explains that light moves at a fixed speed that is represented by the variable c (Roughly 300,000 km a second). This was based on the assumption that all speed is relative and that light cannot be put in relation to anything else, therefore the speed is fixed. With this figured out he began looking for the relation between energy and mass. In his paper of Matter and Energy Equivalence that was published later that year he further analyzed the connection between mass and energy. His finding meant that no mass could pass the speed of light because the energy required would gradually increase and approach infinity as speed became closer and closer to the speed of light. Einstein often used a train as a metaphor to explain his theory.
In 1915 Einstein later extended on his theory of special relativity by creating the theory of general theory. With Einstein’s theory of general relativity he was able to define gravity as a force and explain its appearance in the natural universe. Gravity was described as the curvature in space-time and the attraction that it caused. The size of the distortion in space-time was determined by the mass of the object, which followed the previously established definition of gravity. The proof of his theory was shown in the orbit of Mercury, which was unexplainable by other theories involving gravity. (Heckert)

Avagadro's Number

Also during Einstein’s miracle year he introduced proof when producing Avogadro’s number. Avogadro’s number is used to determine the number of molecules in one mole. With Einstein’s proof he was able to create a more exact number, though not the same we use today. This helped him investigate the motion of atoms and parts of atoms. He hypnotized a Brownian motion were the atoms movements were random and not on a fixed path. ("Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)")

Photoelectric Effect

In 1922 Einstein won the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the “photoelectric effect and his work is theoretical physics.” In his photoelectric effect Einstein theorized that light travels in waves, which went against the belief that light usually travels as a particle. He also stated that when light hits an atom the valiance electrons are excited enough to emit a photon, a particle of light, that becomes a part of light. This described the wave-particle duality of light. This theory has been revolutionary in the scientific field and has led to advancements in not only physics, but in chemistry as well.(Pais 79-86)

Conclusion

Albert Einstein has become one of the most famous scientists to date. This fact is in large part do to his experience and his numerous accomplishments.

Social, Politic, and Economic Chart

Social
Political
Economic
Married Mileva Maric whom had had three children with. He later divorced for his entire Nobel Prize earnings and married his cousin.
Prior to both World War I and World War II, Einstein supported a diplomatic solution. (Calaprice 2005)
During the Great Depression Einstein lost large sums of cash that was invested in the American stock market.
Einstein believed that both religion and science were necessary for every man. (Einstein 1941)
Einstein was a known Pacifist and strongly opposed all war. (Pais 1982)
Einstein was noted in his essay "Why Socialism" in saying that "I am convinced there is only one way to eliminate these grave evils (the greed of capitalism), namely through the establishment of a socialist economy.) He also noted that implementing a socialistic economy would be extremely difficult.
Einstein disliked formal education as he believed it crushed the creativity of individuals.
As a Zionist, Einstein was in large for of the creation of a Jewish country. ( Einstein 1931)
During his time in Germany, Einstein was a relatively poor man due to his lack of a steady income.
Einstein strongly disagreed with the idea of a common man and believed that individuality was important in maintaining the social order. (Calaprice 2005)
Einstein feared persecution and execution by Nazi Germany so he fled to America.
Einstein's perception on capitalism was mixed due to the corruption that often followed and the lack of "pure" capitalism. (Einstein 1931)
Einstein believed that every intellectual had a duty to both protect his own cultural welfare and the cultural welfare of the community.
After the creation of the atomic bomb Einstein tried to regulate its use and creation.
Einstein was rewarded with have his face on the five lirot note of Israel.

Einstein was offered the second Presidency of Israel, but declined.

Embedded Technology


Quiz

(Answers located below work cited)

Question 1. When was Albert Einstein's "Miracle Year?
A. 1939
B. 1905
C. 1915
D. 1933

Question 2. The majority of Einstein's political decisions are based off of this fact.
A. Einstein was a pacifist.
B. Einstein was German.
C. Einstein was a Zionist.
D. Einstein was a socialist.

Question 3. Einstein believed in that everyone should use both of these,
A. Science and government.
B. Science and religion.
C. Religion and government
D. Government and economy.

Question 4. Einstein's Theory of General Relativity described this what new concept?
A. Wave-particle duality.
B. Photon particles
C. Electron cloud model
D. Space-time

Question 5. When did Einstein develop the atomic bomb?
A. 1939
B. 1944
C. 1945
D. Never

Question 6. When Einstein worked on Avagadro's number he did what?
A. Created the number
B. Found applications for it
C. Made it more exact
D. Cooperated to create it

Question 7. Einstein moved to America because....
A. He feared Nazi Persecution
B. He could continue his work in America
C. He did not want to get involved in another war
D. All of the above

Question 8. How did Einstein begin his scientific life?
A. By beginning schooling in Zurich.
B. By publishing his theories in the Annalen der Physik journal.
C. By receiving a compass as inspiration.
D. None of the above.

Question 9. Einstein's photoelectric effect described what?
A. Wave-particle duality.
B. Space-time.
C. Electron cloud theory.
D. e^(i*pi) +1=0

Question 10. What does E=mc^2 describe?
A. The Energy inside an object.
B. The Energy needed to move an object.
C. The Energy the sun emits everyday.
D. The Energy in a calorie.

Work Cited


Albert Einstein. N.d. AP Images. Web. 22 Feb. 2010.

Calaprice, Alice. The New Quotable Einstein. Princeton : Princeton University , 2005. Print.

DEU Forschung Quantenphysik. N.d. AP Images. Web. 22 Feb. 2010.

"Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)." DISCovering Authors. Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Gold. Web. 26 Feb. 2010.

Einstein, Albert. Out of my Later Years. Secaucus: Citadel , 1956. Print.

Einstein, Albert, and Albert Einstein. The World as I See It. Secaucus: Citadel, 1931. Print.

Einstein and Mann. N.d. AP Images. Web. 22 Feb. 2010.

Einstein 1932. N.d. AP Images. Web. 22 Feb. 2010.

Einstein Presents Award. N.d. AP Images. Web. 22 Feb. 2010.

Pais, Abraham. The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein. N.p.: Oxford Univeristy, 1982. Print.

Heckert, Paul A., and K. Lee Lerner. "Relativity, Special." Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Lerner. 3rd ed. Vol. 5. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 3406-3410. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 26 Feb. 2010.

Griffith, Benjamin. "Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. Ed. Sara Pendergast and Tom Pendergast. Vol. 2. Detroit: St. James Press, 2000. 16-18. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 26 Feb. 2010.

Science, Philosophy, and Religion: A Symposium. Corey, Stephen M.
Journal of Educational Psychology. Vol 32(3), Mar 1941, 228-229.

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Answers

1. B
2. A
3. B
4. D
5. D
6. C
7. D
8. C
9. A
10. A